30 GODINA ODSEKA ZA PSIHOLOGIJU U NOVOM SADU
11h – Otvaranje skupa
30 YEARS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY IN NOVI SAD
11h – Opening ceremony
Prof. Dr. Robert Roe, President of the European Federation of Psychologists' Associations (EFPA), Maastricht University, The Netherlands
This presentation begins with a short introduction on EFPA, the European Federation of Psychologist Associations and the way in which its activities have developed in recent years. Briefly looking at history, it notices that psychology has been quite successful in establishing itself as a science, profession and field of education. It adds that psychology could realize more of its potential if it would turn its focus from inward to outward, and make a greater effort to serve the needs of society. This would require steps to gain a better understanding of those needs, but also call for collaboration among psychologists and with other professionals. In view of Europe’s cultural and linguistic diversity, it would furthermore require scrutinizing psychology’s knowledge base in order assess its relevance and utility at the level of the various national states. Referring to the debate about mainstream vs. indigenous psychology, it argues against the uncritical adoption of a primarily Western mainstream psychology and in favor of more rigorous contextualized research. This should help identifying which part of psychology is universal and which parts are conditioned by varying conditions, thereby providing a more adequate base for effective assessment and intervention in the future.
Prof. Dr. János László, Institute for Psychology of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest and University of Pécs, Hungary
Narrative social psychologyNarrative social psychology has been developed from narrative psychology (Bruner, 1986; Laszlo, 1997; 2008; Laszlo and Stainton-Rogers, 2002) as an empirical approach to studying group identity and social representations. It exploits empirical relations between language and psychological processes as well as between narratives of critical life episodes and identity. After reviewing social psychology's interest in language, which focuses mostly on cognition, the lecture outlines a theory on how people construct their identity and social meanings of their world by narratives, and how linguistic forms in narratives express social psychological meaning. The lecture will give special attention to historical narration and ethnic-national identity. It will show that various forms of historical narration, i.e., historiography, oral history, folk history, history schoolbooks, media, historical literature express and mediate identity processes of a group. Narrative approach seems to be particularly apt to studying how groups cope with collective traumas. It will be demonstrated by studies performed with narrative categorical content analysis (NarrCat) on the Hungarian national identity. NarrCat is a content analytic algorithm, which, instead of counting content words, parses ingroup-outgroup relations (emotional, evaluative, agentic, etc) in grammatically contextualized linguistic units. Particular emphasis will be laid on narrative expressions of collective victim role and opportunities of elaborating collective traumas will be discussed.